Application of Tasselled-Cap Transformation to Soil Textural Mapping of a Semi-Arid Environment: A Case of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Main Campus, Sokoto, Nigeria

Eniolorunda N. B.* and Jibrillah A. M.

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

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 Vol. 4 No. 1  | March 2020 | Pages 97 – 110



Information on soil attributes still largely relies on traditional methods of point sampling and subsequent laboratory test which are time and resource consuming. Thus, this study tested the applicability of Kauth-Thomas Tasseled-Cap Transformation (TCT) to soil textural mapping on the main campus of Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto as a faster method. We hypothesized that the TCT-Brightness image had no relationship individually with soil particle size and Land use/ Land Cover (LUC). Landsat 8 of 22-03-2019 was preprocessed with QGIS and subjected to TCT in Idrisi Terrset to produce the TCT-Brightness image. Soil samples were collected at 91 points based on stratified random sampling at 0-15cm depth. Soil particle size was determined by Bouyoucos Hydrometer method. Simple linear regression analysis was used to model soil particle sizes from the TCT-Brightness image, while soil textural map was produced in SAGA. LUC of the area was mapped at Level III within the Google Earth Engine (GEE). Cross map-tabulation was carried out to test for the relationship between LUC and soil texture. Four textural classes were obtained namely sandy-clay-loam, loamy sand, sand and sandy-loam, with sand being dominant. Soil particle sizes were modeled at 99.85% accuracy, while soil textural mapping yielded 95% accuracy. Five LUC classes namely built-up area, wetland, upland forest, bare surface and riparian forest were mapped at 98.3% accuracy, with bare surface being dominant. A significant (p<0.01) relationship between LUC and soil texture was obtained at 0.85 Kappa Index of Agreement. The study concluded that the TCT is sufficient for predicting soil texture in a largely sandy semi-arid environment. A repeat of this study for the wet season was recommended.

Keywords: Soil Texture, Tasseled Cap Transformation, Soil Brightness Image, Landsat, Kappa

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Cite this article as:

Eniolorunda N. B. and Jibrillah A. M., 2020. Application of Tasseled-Cap Transformation to Soil Textural Mapping of a Semi-Arid Environment: A Case of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Main Campus, Sokoto, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 4(1), pp. 97-110.