Community Participation in Wildlife Management in Baturiya Sanctuary, Northwestern Nigeria

Karkarna M.Z.1,* and Danjuma M.N.2

1Department of Environmental Management, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: mzkarkarna@gmail.com

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 Vol. 4 No. 1  | March 2020 | Pages 77 – 86

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2020.01.0169

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Human benefits from wildlife are apparently declining over decades as the extent and intensity of threat to protected areas continue. This study assessed nature of community participation in wildlife management in Baturiya Sanctuary with a view to providing information for active participation of communities in the management of this area. A total of five communities namely: Shinge (4km west), Illala (12km west), Kokiro (3km east), Zigobiya (7km east) and Abanaguwa (5km north) were purposively sampled based on their proximity to the sanctuary. Snowball sampling technique was used to select fifty-seven (57) participants for the survey. Questionnaire and Interview were conducted to elicit the knowledge and perspectives of participants on the role of community in wildlife management. Numerical values were analysed in percentage while chi-square was used to test the levels of participation among communities. Findings of this study indicate that only 18 of the 57 sampled participants are involved in wildlife management. It also shows that there is decrease and extinction of wildlife especially birds, primates and reptiles in the sanctuary. The study also found four categories of participants: active-voluntary, active-institutional, passive-voluntary and passive-institutional. It shows that 37.50% active and 62.50% are passive participants respectively. Benefits of community participation include control of poaching (43.85%) and control of trade in parts of animals (25%). Majority of the participants (83.33%) engage in wildlife management voluntarily based on perceived benefits derived from the sanctuary. Poor governance (43.85%) and weak community institutions (31.57%) are the main limitations to community participation in wildlife management. This study therefore recommended that community leaders and youth should be strengthened and officially recognized as stakeholders in wildlife management and governance of natural resources in Nigeria at large.

Keywords: Sanctuary, biodiversity, migratory birds, Nigeria.

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Karkarna M.Z. and Danjuma M.N., 2020. Community Participation in Wildlife Management in Baturiya Sanctuary, Northwestern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 4(1), pp. 77-86. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2020.01.0169