High Voltage Overhead Powerlines Routing in Central Nigeria using GIS-MCDA Approach and Environmental Impact Factors

Osarenren O., Ehiorobo J. O. and Izinyon O. C.

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: osagieosarenren@yahoo.com

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 Vol. 5 No. 2  | October 2021 | Pages 555 – 568 |   Cite this article

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.02.0320

Abstract

ABSTRACT

High voltage overhead transmission line route selection has become a vital component of the power transmission line project life cycle as demand for electricity has increased and global awareness of the environmental implications of large-scale power projects has grown. The project necessitates meticulous planning, engineering designs, facility installations, commissioning, and maintenance, as any errors made at this stage may have a flowing detrimental impact on the following phase, which may be too costly to fix. Using geographic information system (GIS), multi-criteria decision analysis approach, and environmental impact factors strategies, this study determines the best route from existing geographical space between Lafia 330/132/33kV Substation in Nasarawa State and New Apo (Pigba) 330/132/33/kV Substation in the Federal Capital Territory, Central Nigeria, Abuja. Land use, land cover, and other environmental data were obtained by performing image classification on Landsat 8 satellite image using ArcGIS 10.1 to achieve this goal. Three key terrain elements were identified to define the land cover types: built-up areas, vegetation, and water bodies. These layers were created to reveal the locations of significant settlements, geological formations, and the HV-OHTL route that avoided crossing protected areas. Using pair-wise comparison of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach, each criterion evaluated was assigned relative weight that shows their level of influence on the proposed power transmission line, and these were provided as GIS layers for visualizations. To build the cost surfaces assessed during route selection for HV-OHTL, weights derived from AHP method for each decision makers were applied to all layers to create the cost surfaces analyzed during route selection for HV-OHTL.

Keywords: Geographic Information System (GIS), Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Least Cost Path, High Voltage Overhead Transmission Line (HV-OHTL), Substation

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Osarenren O., Ehiorobo J. O. and Izinyon O. C. 2021. High Voltage Overhead Powerlines Routing in Central Nigeria using GIS-MCDA Approach and Environmental Impact Factors. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 5(2), pp. 555-568. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.02.0320


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