Flood Susceptibility Mapping of Makera District and Environs in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State-Nigeria

Ibrahim U. S.1, Youngu T. T.1, Swafiyudeen B.1,*, Abubakar A. Z.1, Zainabu A.K.1, Usman I. A.2, Adamu S.1 and Abubakar A. M.3

1 Department of Geomatics, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
2 Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
3 Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nuhu Bamali Polytechnic, Zaria

*Corresponding Author: bswafiyudeen@gmail.com

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 Vol. 5 No. 2  | October 2021 | Pages 420 – 432 |   Cite this article

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.02.0287

Abstract

ABSTRACT

The increased flood incidences experienced all over the world due to climate change dynamics call for a concerted effort towards forestalling future hazards. This study thus, identified the areas that are susceptibility to floods in parts of the Makera district of the Kaduna South Local Government Area in Nigeria using geospatial techniques. Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to produce thematic layers of the factors contributing to flooding (elevation, slope, drainage density, rainfall, land use/land cover); and a multi-criteria evaluation particularly the “Analytical Hierarchical process” (AHP) was applied to determine the locations at risk. The various thematic layers were integrated into the weighted overlay tool in the ArcGIS 10.3 environment to generate the final susceptibility map. The overlay tool was also used to determine the elements at risk of flood in the study area. The results show that the areas that were highly susceptible to flood constituted about 39% of the study area, while moderate and low vulnerable areas constituted about 26% and 35%, respectively. The result of the multi-criteria analysis revealed that land use/land cover (0.601) was the factor that contributed the most to flooding in the study area based on the criteria weights followed by rainfall (0.470), drainage density (0.326), elevation (0.144), and slope (0.099), respectively. The study recommends that authorities concerned should ensure strict adherence to land use planning act, such that floodplains are avoided during development of any type.

Keywords: Flood, Geospatial technique, Multi-criteria analysis, Susceptibility

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Ibrahim U. S., Youngu T. T., Swafiyudeen B., Abubakar A. Z., Zainabu A. K., Usman I. A., Adamu S., and Abubakar A. M., 2021. Flood Susceptibility Mapping of Makera District and Environs in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State-Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 5(2), pp. 420-432. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.02.0287


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