Application of Remote Sensing, GIS and Hydrogeophysics to Groundwater Exploration in Ogun State: A case study of OGD-Sparklight Estate

Epuh E.E.*, Jimoh N.O, Orji M.J. and Daramola O.E.

Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, University of Lagos, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: eeepuh@yahoo.com

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 Vol. 3 No. 2  | October 2019 | Pages 370 – 385

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2019.02.0159

Abstract

ABSTRACT

With the increase in population of Ogun state, the necessity to provide water to the populace has become a disturbing problem. In this study, a systematic approach to delineate the groundwater potential zones of the state was carried out using Remote Sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Hydrogeophysics as a tool. Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) observations were also carried out in OGD Sparklight Estate to validate the results obtained from the integrated remote sensing and GIS observation and also determine the aquifer depth and possible pollution. The various thematic maps such as: soil map, land use/Land, geological map, rainfall map, lineaments map were obtained from enhanced satellite imagery and Slope map was generated from Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission elevation model (SRTM DEM). These maps were overlaid in terms of weighed overlay method using Spatial Analysis tool in Arc GIS 10.4. During weighed overlay analysis, different ranks were given to each individual parameter of each thematic map and weights were assigned according to their influence. The groundwater potential map obtained from the study area showed that 47% of the total study area (Ogun state) lie within the “very high” potential zone, 15% of the area falls within the “high”, 30% lies within the of “moderate” zone, 5% lies within the “low “potential zone while “2% “ lies within the very low potential zone. The very high potential areas lie within the sedimentary zone in the southern part of the study area with high alluvial deposits, while the “very low” prospect zone lies majorly within the basement complex zone in the northern part of the study area. The boreholes susceptible to salt water intrusion were identified and the best drilling point with respect to depth were also determined.

Keywords: Groundwater, Remote sensing, GIS, Hydrogeophysics, VES

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Epuh E.E., Jimoh N.O, Orji M.J. and Daramola O.E., 2019. Application of Remote Sensing, GIS and Hydrogeophysics to Groundwater Exploration in Ogun State: A case study of OGD-Sparklight Estate. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 3(2), pp. 370-385. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2019.02.0159