Spatial characterization of noise levels at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Oyedepo J. A.1,*, Omoniyi D. M.2, Oluyege D. E.1 and Babajide E. I.1

1 Environmental Resources and Conservation Research Programme, IFSERAR, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, College of Environmental Resources Management, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:

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 Vol. 4 No. 2  | October 2020 | Pages 324 – 340



The study investigated the spatial variability in the distribution of noise pollution in Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Measurements of noise were taken from 10 locations on campus namely; the academic environment including the University library and college lecture auditoria, the residential areas comprising the Student hostels and Vice-chancellor’s lodge as well as other populated areas like the car park and student union building. The noise measurement was done in the morning and evenings of Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays over a period of 3 weeks in July 2019. The noise measurement was done with the aid of Smart Sensor Digital Sound Level meter (Model: AR824). The sampling points were geo-located using a hand-held receiver for Global Positioning Systems (GPS). Questionnaires were administered to members of the University community (staff and students) to determine their respective perception of campus noise on academic activities. Data (noise and survey) were subjected to statistical analysis. Spatial analysis of the noise levels includes surface interpolation (Krigging) to determine the spatial pattern of noise across the campus, particularly, the most tranquil and most chaotic locations. The results show noise pollution levels reaching 74.3 (db) and 73.0 (db) during weekdays at some locations on campus. The noise emission level at some locations within the University exceeded the World Health Organization and Federal Ministry of Environment of Nigeria’s permissible level of 55 db for residential areas. Generally, it was observed that the ambient noise from heavy duty generating with the student chattering put noise level above 35(db) to 55(db) recommended for educational institutions. It can be inferred from statistical analyses and spatial interpolations of recorded noise levels, that noise levels of many areas in FUNAAB exceed the recommended 40 db required for an institution of higher learning. The study however finds that staff and students have adjusted to the noise on campus. Lecturers have resorted to the use of public address systems in large classes while students go to serene locations for better assimilation when studying. The study recommends reduction of point-source noises such as replacing the diesel generators with solar power. Signage should be displayed at sensitive areas such as library to reduce unnecessary noise.

Keywords: Campus noise, Cognitive disturbance, Spatial variability, Tranquility maps, GIS, FUNAAB

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Cite this article as:

Oyedepo J. A., Omoniyi D. M., Oluyege D. E. and Babajide E. I., 2020. Spatial characterization of noise levels at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 4(2), pp. 324-340.

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