The Impacts of Climate Change on Nigerian Ecosystems: A Review

Ikumbur B.* and Iornumbe S.

1 Department of Geology, Benue State Polytechnic Ugbokolo, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: ibemsen@gmail.com

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 Vol. 3 No. 2  | October 2019 | Pages 268 – 291

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2019.02.0128

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Climate change is the single biggest environmental issue facing the world today. It has become a great challenge to our generation and its impact is felt in almost every society in the world. Nigeria is one of the most vulnerable countries in Africa. Nigeria as a developing nation with a population of about 200 million people is likely to be adversely impacted by climate change due to its vulnerability and low coping capabilities. Climate change is evidently linked to human actions, and in particular from the burning of fossil fuels and changes in global patterns of land use. The impacts of human activities, as well as those of natural phenomena on global warming, climate change, and the environment, were presented and discussed. Various manifestations of its impact are evident in Nigeria, which includes temperature rise, increase in draught, and scarcity of food instigated by irregularities in rainfall, over flooding, and so on. This paper examines the concepts of global warming and climate change; its impact on the Nigeria ecosystems. It highlights the climate change-related risks and hazards the nation could face if best practices are not employed to prevent and mitigate its impact. Two sets of measures have been advocated for confronting climate change, these are mitigation and adaptation measures. The review explores possible adaptation strategies that are required to respond to the climatic variations and suggests ways that these adaptation strategies can be implemented

Keywords: Climate change, Impact, ecosystems, global warming, mitigation, adaptation, greenhouse effects

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Cite this article as:

Ikumbur B. and Iornumbe S., 2019. The Impacts of Climate Change on Nigerian Ecosystems: A Review. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 3(2), pp. 268-291. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2019.02.0128