GIS based Flood Vulnerability Studies for Ife Central Local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria

Ijaware V. A.

Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:

Show Author Affiliation

 Vol. 4 No. 1  | March 2020 | Pages 160 – 171



Flood has negatively affected Ife Central Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. This work is aimed at mapping the vulnerability of the area to flood. Its objectives addressed the ranking of various natural and artificial factors causing flood, the determination and delineation of vulnerability to flood in the study area. Using remote sensing and GIS techniques, coordinates of flooded sites were acquired with Global Navigation Satellite System receiver; Landsat
8 data were acquired from the USGS website. To map land use, elevation data were acquired from the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission Digital Elevation Models, soil data was obtained from the Nigerian Geological Survey website, and rainfall data was acquired from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellit. Using Pairwise Comparison, the various weights of factors constituting flood in the area were acquired. Weighted Linear Combination and Analytical Hierarchical Process was used in producing the flood hazard and flood vulnerability maps. ArcGIS 10.2 Software was used in spatial and attribute data acquisition, processing, and information presentation. The Pairwise Comparison method adopted was validated and observed to have a consistency ration of 0.003. Results obtained show that 9.2% of the study area is highly prone to flood hazards 20.4% is prone to flood hazard and 44.3% is moderately prone to flood hazard. The method adopted correctly identifies all existing flood incidence areas within the flood- prone areas in the hazard map. The maps produced will serve as an effective tool to aid the prevention and mitigation of flood disaster in the flood-prone area.

Keywords: AHP, Flood Vulnerability, Remote Sensing, GIS, Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission

View full-text

Loader Loading...
EAD Logo Taking too long?

Reload Reload document
| Open Open in new tab

Download pdf [1.71 MB]

Download pdf

Cite this article as:

Ijaware V. A., 2020. GIS based Flood Vulnerability Studies for Ife Central Local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 4(1), pp. 160-171.