Assessing the Impact of Urbanization on Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Selected Local Government Areas in Ogun State, Nigeria

Akinbobola A.* and Fafure T.

Department of Meteorology and Climate Science, School of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: aakinbobola@futa.edu.ng

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 Vol. 5 No. 1  | March 2021 | Pages 120 – 139

https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.01.0243   |   Cite this article

Abstract

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to assess the land use land cover (LULC) and spatial-temporal trends of six outdoor thermal comfort indices in four Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Ogun state, Southwestern, Nigeria. Data used for this study are air temperature, relative humidity, cloud cover and wind speed which span from 1982 to 2018. These data were obtained from ERA-INTERIM archive. The 1986, 2000 and 2018 used for the analysis of the LULC were from the satellite imagery hosted by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Landsat Thematic Mapper, Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager data of 1986, 2000 and 2018 to assess the changes that have taken place between these periods. Thermal comfort indices such as Effective Temperature (ET), Temperature Humidity Index (THI), Mean radiant temperature (MRT) and Relative Strain Index (RSI) were used. Rayman model was used for the computation of the three thermal comfort indices (MRT, PET, PMV). The results show decrease in vegetation, forest, and an increase in percentage of built-up areas between 1986–2000, and 2000–2018. A rapid increase in built-up areas in the three (Abeokuta South, Ifo, Shagamu,) of the four LGAs, while one (Ijebu East) has a slow increase in the built-up areas. The trend in the thermal comfort indices also shows that thermal discomfort had been on increase for the past 37 years and it was observed that the level of comfort has deteriorated more in the last decade compared to the previous decade especially in the built-up areas. This work suggests a framework for evaluating the relationship between the quantitative and qualitative parameters linking the microclimatic environment with subjective thermal assessment. This will contribute to the development of thermal comfort standards for outdoor urban settings. Also, the study will help urban planners in their decision making, and in heat forecast.

Keywords: Thermal comfort, Urbanization, Temperature, Urban space, Trends

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Akinbobola A. and Fafure T. 2021. Assessing the Impact of Urbanization on Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Selected Local Government Areas in Ogun State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 5(1), pp. 120-139. https://doi.org/10.36263/nijest.2021.01.0243


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